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14 Different Types of Technical Writing

14 Different Types of Technical Writing

Technical writing refers to deal with various types of writing. This includes numerous professional-level writings and documentations. Technical writing is crucial for different types of writing careers.

If you are writing a technical paper, knowing what type of document you need to prepare is the key.

There can be as many as 14 different types of technical writing. Therefore, various documentation will have different technical writing formats.

In this article, we will gather a brief knowledge of technical writing and its types. Along with this, we will investigate the importance of understanding technical writing in the professional world.

What Is Technical Writing?

Before we dive into the depth of technical writing, we must learn technical writing definition.

Technical writing means to write or draft technical contents for communication across the technical or professional fields. It is the largest field under technical communication.

A technical writer is responsible for sharing office communication internally or externally through technical writing.

The pieces of information conveyed through such documents are complex and require professional-level technical writing skills.

How Does Technical Writing Work?

Over the years, technical writing has become a crucial part of the professional world.

Although technical writing style has changed many times, the process of completing the document remains the same.

If you consider different technical writing samples, you will find some typical steps in its completion.

Almost every project requires thorough research and analysis of the findings. The technical writer will then plan and prepare a complete outline of the content of the document.

There should always be several sub-topics. Therefore, the writer must gather data from other departments and sources and compile the necessary visuals for designing the document.

It is then reviewed by the technical communication department of a company before sending it out for delivery.

In most cases, the final document is archived or saved for future references.

The Demand for Technical Writer in Digital Industry

Whichever industry you work in, the need to communicate across and within is unimaginable.

Every member in the hierarchy needs to be updated about the ins and about of the company.

As we live in a period of technological boom, the significance of information flow through proper documentation is exceptionally high.

Such an important task requires skilled and experienced technical writers.

A technical writer is a master of interpreting complex technical information and compiling them in the most simplified yet technical manner.

Moreover, technical writers can handle various designing and technical writing software to utilize technology in preparing an easy-to-understand document.

No wonder the job of a technical writer is not as easy as it may seem!

The digital industry and other medical, business, and research industries require technical writing services.

As a result, the demand for a technical writer is expected to grow exponentially over the decades to come.

Why Should You Understand Technical Writing?

Technical writing is an essential part of business, medical, research, digital, and other relevant industries. It enables companies to convey their projects, ideas, views, observations, and suggestions in and across industries.

However, a technical writer requires mastery over several skills. It is not all about spellings, vocabulary, and grammar.

You must be at least a university graduate to acquire entry-level technical writing jobs.

In addition to this, you will require knowledge of different types of technical writing and expertise in writing technology.

The job sector is expected to expand over the next few years and continue to do so.

As a result, there are ample opportunities with freelancing, part-time, contract, and full-time benefits.

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What are the Different Types of Technical Writing?

Technical writing relates to creating content and documentation across several distinctive industries.

Therefore, a writer can be skilled in numerous platforms at the same time.

In this article, we will look into 14 different types of technical writing.

Most Common Types of Technical Writing

There are several types of technical writing found worldwide. However, a new form of technical writing is popping up almost every year.

This happens due to the ever-increasing need for different forms of writing in the occupational world.

Here are 14 of the most common types of technical writings for a writer’s guide.

Traditional Technical Writing

The first one on the list is traditional technical writing.

Some of the writings under this category include repair manuals, programmer guides, engineering papers, medical research papers, white papers, etc.

A traditional technical writer usually requires a technical background.

For instance, a writer who prepares conventional technical documents may also be a programmer, pharmacist, building code inspector, or Chartered Accountant.

This means that the professional position of the writer adds credibility to his or her writings.

End-user Documentation Writing

The end-user documents are usually used for consumer products in the electronics industry.

The primary purpose of such documents is to teach a novice user to use technical items.

For example, some end-user documents would be user manuals for computer software and hardware, television, fridge, ovens, and other electronic products.

In addition to this, medicine usage information can also be an end-user document.

Although writers do not necessarily need to have a technical background, end-user documentation writing requires a proper explanation of the usage of products.

Technical Marketing Content Writing

Technical marketing content writing is also known as MarCom.

This type of writing is mainly related to advertising, branding, promotional campaigns, consumer engagement, and other forms of marketing activities.

Advertising catalogues, promotional brochures, press releases, PR communications, and ad placements are a few technical marketing contents writing examples.

A technical marketing content writer skills may require expertise in various technical writing software.

Technical Documentation Writing

Technical documentation writing involves a writer creating documents on product or service offerings.

It includes details of the product from a technical point of view.

However, there are several product-related visual representations contained in a technical document.

As a result, technical document writers should be skilled in using Graphics Designing and PowerPoint tools.

Technical Reports Writing

Technical reports are the description, history, and evaluation of the product. This can come as a part of the user manual as well as online blogs.

Therefore, to some extent, writers should possess technical backgrounds for technical reports writings.

Moreover, a technical reports writer should excel in research.

Feasibility Study Report Writing

The feasibility study report is a part of business writing. A feasibility study report generally includes project backup plans and an assessment of the current strategies.

As a result, the report must be simple, precise, and analytical for every company employee to understand.

Corporate Report Writing

Corporate reports usually involve annual financial reports, annual and quarterly project updates, and other company documentation.

This type of writings is also created for employees, stakeholders, executives, and directors of a company.

However, corporate report writers must be highly skilled in including graphical presentations and visual aids inside the report for better understanding.

A writer should also possess the ability to interpret data and numbers for better narrations.

Research Result Documentation Writing

Research result documentation writing is one of the most significant and technical types of writing.

It includes writing the outcome of research for the sole purpose of technological and medical advances.

However, the research result documents are also beneficial for academic purposes.

Therefore, a writer must possess outstanding skills in interpreting laboratory tests and field research findings.

Policies and Procedures Writing

Policy and procedures writing has found a significant impact in recent years.

Almost every company requires its policies and procedures to be documented that can be utilized during any legal drawbacks.

The documents involve writing rules and regulations from a neutral point of view.

The content should be clear, understandable, and non-discriminatory.

Business Plan Writing

Business plan writing is a beneficial skill for people who wish to start their own venture.

It is essential for entrepreneurs who seek financial support from investors and loan opportunities.

A business plan writer needs to be a jack of all trades. The writer should possess knowledge regarding financial, operational, marketing, and other business activities.

Presenting proper business plan documentation can enhance the chances of getting funds to conduct a business.

White Papers Writing

White papers are a new form of technical writing created by companies for their external audiences.

This includes preparing a guidebook and problem-solving content. Therefore, the documents are focused on solving specific problems.

The papers are utilized by different businesses to suggest methods for solving company and industry-related issues.

Case Studies Writing

Case studies are the analysis of actual problems in the real world. This can be individual, organizational, entity-based, clinical, or eventual study reflecting scenarios.

The concept of such writings is to provide the readers with conceptual analysis and finding patterns.

As a result, a case study writer should possess analytical ability and scientific competencies.

Literature Reviews Writing

Literature reviews can be individual documents or part of other papers.

However, it is an essential aspect of technical writing.

For example, literature reviews writing involves summarizing and providing an assessment on different existing research papers.

The purpose of such documents is to emphasize running research findings.

Therefore, writers must have the capacity to research and read numerous papers. 

Proposals Writing

Proposals are call-to-action documents. This type of document usually invites collaborations, partnerships, or ceremonial activities between entities.

Moreover, proposals also involve asking for funding, improving product or service offerings, and other forms of requests.

A proposal write must be highly persuasive and formal in writing. In addition, every document the writer creates should be personalized.

Considerable Attributes of Technical Writing

Just like any other form of writing, technical writing involves some common and critical attributes.

However, technical writing is different from writing essays, non-fiction, fiction, and academic papers. Here are many attributes of technical writing:

Clear and precise

As technical writing is closely related to business writing, it must be clear and concise so that anyone can understand easily.

Therefore, the language of the writing should be to the point and not complex.


A technical writer has no scope to beat around the bush. Therefore, the writer must be strictly on-topic while discussing any matter.

Denotative meanings

While writing a technical document, a writer must not use words that can be interpreted wrongfully.

Additionally, the grammar and meaning of each sentence should be true to its origin.

Denotative meanings

While writing a technical document, a writer must not use words that can be interpreted wrongfully.

Additionally, the grammar and meaning of each sentence should be true to its origin.

Detailed and structured

Most technical writings involve the documentation of significant and impactful company stuff.

Therefore, the content should be detailed and descriptive as much as possible.

Moreover, every type of technical writing should always follow a common and accepted structure.

It can be skimmed through

Finally, technical documents should be easy to read. This means that any reader should skim through the whole document and get a basic understanding of the paper’s content.

In addition to this, skimming through also means being able to find necessary information without much trouble.

Therefore, the design of technical documents should also be structured, descriptive, and functional.

Mistakes to Avoid While Writing Technical Content

As technical writing is quite “technical”, writers often end up making some mistakes. Here are a few common mistakes to avoid while writing technical content:

Do not mess with the structure

Technical writing can seem easier than it is. There are 14 different technical writing types, and each has its distinctive structure and design.

It is common to mess up the structure. The first thing you must avoid is messing the structure of a technical document.

Overusing jargon

It would be best to keep in mind that the document should be readable to any common person.

This means that the document will need to be understandable by company personnel and not related to the business.

Therefore, using too many technical words can ruin the readability of the document.

Grammatical mistakes

Technical writing must not include any grammatical mistakes. It is one of the most important papers for your business or the industry.

Therefore, a writer must not make mistakes regarding punctuation and sentence structure.

Abstract language

Technical writers often tend to write in a manner that can attract readers. However, this is not a primary goal of technical documents.

Some words or sentences may sound fancy, but they can become abstract for the document’s content. These are unnecessary and vague.

Getting too technical

As technical writing is entirely technical, writers often make the document boring and plain. Of course, you should avoid abstract language.

However, presenting every technical aspect without giving the readers the chance to understand is a big mistake.

Writers often use poor presentation, excess graphs, and numbers to make the paper less exciting.

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Career Opportunity in Technical Writing Industry

The sole objective of technical writing is to create content that is beyond academic. Therefore, the papers are highly professional and technical for the real world.

Therefore, the demand for such writers is high and the benefits as well.

There are numerous career opportunities in the technical writing industry. For example, a person can become a content developer, content writer, and content creator.

There are job offers such as documents specialist, policy writer, technical communication expert, and many more.

In addition, you can land jobs related to graphic designing with the skills of using the designing tools (Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, etc.)

Best Technical Writing Tools for Writers

In the era of the technological boom, every work can be done with the help of software. Here is a list of the 10 best technical writing tools for writers:

  • Google Docs
  • Grammarly
  • Trello
  • WordPress
  • Snipaste
  • Loom
  • Pixlr
  • Prezi
  • Adobe Software (Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign)
  • SnagIt

FAQ: Different Types of Technical Writing

Technical writing style refers to writing about instruction, direction, methodology, explanation, and guidelines regarding particular technical subjects.

There are 5 key basics of technical writing: content, purpose, style, readability, and grammar.

The main purpose of technical writing is to provide the users with manual guidance. In addition, it is an explanation and demonstration of complex matters to make them easier to use.

There are 7 components of technical writing. These are product, environment, audience, deliverables, schedule, tasks, and developers.

The 4 main characteristics of technical writing are comprehensiveness, logic, and sequence, actionable, and organization.


Technical writing is an ever-growing field in the professional world. It is vastly different from creative writing.

Therefore, you can focus on the structure and content of the document rather than the design and attractiveness.

There are 14 different types of technical writing. Each has its own structure and significance.

If you wish to be an expert in any technical writing, this writer’s guide can be a great initiation.

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